Impact of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Factors on the Rate of Reactions

The Objective : A chemical reaction happens if two or more reactants can collide with each other. They can be slowed down with an inhibitor and sped up with a catalyst. Reactions also speed up if the energy in which they collide in increases. The purpose of the experiments was to analyze the effect of different factors on the rate of chemical reactions. The goal was to take different chemical reactions and vary the settings one at a time such that the reaction rate could be determined. A series of separate exeriments had to be done to look at each factor (temperature, particle size, concentration, pressure) individually.

Methods/Materials

The basic reactions tested were dissolution of Alka-Seltzer tablets or baking soda (NaHCO3) in H2O or vinegar, or Zinc with hydrochloric acid (HCl).

Different conditions were tested to determine the effect of temperature, particle size, concentration of the reactants, pressure, and mechanical stirring on the rate of these reactions.

The Pasco Xplorer GLX was used to confirm the experiments with a different method.

Results

My experiments show that the rate of reaction varies considerably. Increased temperature, higher concentrations of the reactants, active stirring, larger surface (smaller particles) all increased the rate of the reaction; higher pressure reduced the rate of the reaction during which gas was formed.

Catalysts accelereated the reaction as long as a optimal temperature was maintained.

Conclusions/Discussion

My experiments show that factors increase the reaction rate if they either increase the statistical chance for the reactants to come together, or if they improve the contact.

This project will be investigating different aspects of reaction rates by using different settings and tools, changing 1 parameter at a time.

Science Fair Project done By Linus E. Kaiser

 

 

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