Temperature vs Refraction

The Objective

The objective is to determine if the temperature of water affects the refraction of red laser light.

Methods/Materials

A laser pointer and a ruler taped to the bottom of a tall thin tank were used to measure the refraction angle of red light in water.

Measurements were taken every 5º C water temperature from 20º C to 65º C.

The Refractive Index was calculated by dividing the sine of the incident angle in radians by the sine of the refractive angle in radians.

Results

As the temperature of water increased the refractive index decreased.

The mean index at 20º C was 1.3860 and the mean index at 65º C was 1.3438.

The regression line through the data had an r2 of 0.995.

Conclusions/Discussion

I found that the temperature of water does affect the refractive index of red laser light.

This project tested the effect of temperature on the refraction of red laser light from air to water.

Science Fair Project done By Colin B. Ries

 

 

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